Preserving the Generations: A Look at Wraparound Programs in the United States

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PRESERVING THE GENERATIONS 1

Preserving the Generations:
A Look at Wraparound
Programs in the United States

PRESERVING THE GENERATIONS 2
Preserving the Generations:
A Look at Wraparound Programs in the United States
Defining Family Prevention Programs A family preservation program as defined in a publication by Westat, Inc. (1995) is, “A social service program that is in effect in most states, which is designed to keep families together by providing support and intervention services to children and families in their home, where the family unit can be observed, evaluated, and treated together. It is based on the premise that birth families are the preferred means of
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History of Family Preventions Programs in the United States
The Beginning According to Westat, Inc., “family preservations” originally refers to a specific foster care prevention program, called Homebuilders, started in 1974. Homebuilders was based on the crisis prevention theory that families with children just about to be put into foster care are more willing to learn and change past behaviors. Consequently, it would be best to try to intercede and help these families, possibly avoiding the foster system all together. Westat, Inc. mentions that since then, the term “family preservations” has been used to describe many different programs that attempt to assist families with issues that could result in the family being split. As states advanced, individually they began incorporating their own versions of the “family preservation” programs. In an article written by Nelson, K. E.; Landsman, M. J.; and Deutelbaum, W. (1990) they explain the details of each of the original three family preservation programs. The first kind Nelson et al. discuss is the “crisis intervention” model. This is the one that inspired the Homebuilders model describe above. Once again, this model focuses on the crisis situations families are placed in and the stressors that can be fixed to cure the crisis. Social workers involved with this model were to make contact with the family about twenty hours a week, initially within the first twenty-four hours of the crisis,

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