Essay on Possible Solutions to the Synoptic Problem in the Gospels

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The term “Synoptic Problem” alludes to the similarities and differences that is apparent in the Synoptic Gospels. Events that occurred are detailed in somewhat different arrangements and narrations. These differences and similarities have caused observant Christians to wonder what could cause what appear to be a chronological difference in these Gospels and why do we have more than one Gospel? All of these observations and questions in essence make up the “Synoptic Problem.” (Lea and Black,The New Testament Its Background and message 2003:114) The development of the Gospel as described by Luke referred to “eyewitnesses” an “account of the things” and “an orderly account”. These stages correlate to the Oral tradition, the period of written …show more content…
This suggestion has been expanded and altered; but only a few scholars support it today. (Lea and Black,The New Testament Its Background and message 2003:120)
• The Interdependence Theory suggests that one of the three Gospels was written first based on the oral tradition. However, the next Gospel written used the first Gospel and the third Gospel used both earlier Gospels. The second and third Gospel writers used some materials of their own. This theory is not held by important scholars and is due to the impossibility of working such a interdependence in a scientific way. (Thiessen, Introduction to the New Testament 2002:104)
• Two-Document Theory – proponents of this Two-Documents Hypothesis asserts that Mark is the earliest Gospel. There is an acknowledgement of the lost document given the name “Q”an abbreviation for the German word Quelle meaning “source”. The existence of “Q” was suggested because of the similarity of materials in Matthew and Luke not found in Mark. (Lea and Black,The New Testament Its Background and message 2003:121)

Markan priority is most popular because it seems to coincide with statements by the earlier church fathers unanimously asserting that Matthews predated both Mark and Luke. (Lea and Black,The New Testament Its Background and message 2003:122)

The arguments for Markan priorty is based on the

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