Essay about Plato's Philosophy of Democracy

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Democracy is a topic extensively studied by political philosophers all around the world. Plato was one of these philosophers. Plato believed that “democracy […] is a charming form of government, full of verity and disorder; and dispensing a sort of equality to equals and unequals alike”. An analysis of ancient Athenian democracy and the Republic provides great understanding of the statement within its context. The statement itself is valid, but Plato does not appear to mean what he said.
The statement itself has two main parts that one must understand in order to fully understand the statement. Plato wrote the Republic in 380 BCE, in Athens (Spark Notes Editors). The first part of the statement discusses the variety and disorder
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However, non-citizens had no say in the laws that were being created, and could have no impact on political life in the polis.
In further analysis of Plato’s beliefs and the Republic, one will realize that Plato did not really mean what he said. It is evident from reading analyses of the Republic that Plato advocated an aristocratic form of government. In the Republic, Plato defines justice as having a structure, where each citizen does the job that they are specialized in (Spark Notes Editors). Plato implies that philosophers are the most suitable people for ruling (Spark Notes Editors). Plato believes that philosophers are the most ‘just’ and rational men, and are therefore the best people to rule (Santas, 73; Spark Notes Editors). This is implying that these rulers must be aristocrats (rule of the best).
Plato believed that Athenian democracy was unjust, since citizens could run for ruler, without being specialized; and citizens in other professions could get involved with the business of ruling, which Plato also considers unjust. Plato also criticizes democracy since its main focus is freedom, not efficiency or justice. Understanding the context of the statement shows that there is irony contained in this statement (Spark Notes Editors). When reading the statement, there are two completely different tones that the reader gets. There is a sense of sarcasm embedded in the statement, for

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