Essay about Plato's Philosophy of Democracy
The statement itself has two main parts that one must understand in order to fully understand the statement. Plato wrote the Republic in 380 BCE, in Athens (Spark Notes Editors). The first part of the statement discusses the variety and disorder …show more content…
In further analysis of Plato’s beliefs and the Republic, one will realize that Plato did not really mean what he said. It is evident from reading analyses of the Republic that Plato advocated an aristocratic form of government. In the Republic, Plato defines justice as having a structure, where each citizen does the job that they are specialized in (Spark Notes Editors). Plato implies that philosophers are the most suitable people for ruling (Spark Notes Editors). Plato believes that philosophers are the most ‘just’ and rational men, and are therefore the best people to rule (Santas, 73; Spark Notes Editors). This is implying that these rulers must be aristocrats (rule of the best).
Plato believed that Athenian democracy was unjust, since citizens could run for ruler, without being specialized; and citizens in other professions could get involved with the business of ruling, which Plato also considers unjust. Plato also criticizes democracy since its main focus is freedom, not efficiency or justice. Understanding the context of the statement shows that there is irony contained in this statement (Spark Notes Editors). When reading the statement, there are two completely different tones that the reader gets. There is a sense of sarcasm embedded in the statement, for