Plato was born into an aristocratic Greek family between 428–427 BC. At the age of twenty he became a disciple of the philosopher Socrates. Socrates continued to be an enormous influence on Plato throughout his life. Plato was an idealist and believed that everything that we see in this world is a less accurate representation of what its true form should be. He believed in a world of unchanging and unrelated forms that corresponded to universal definitions. This belief led to his theory of forms and became an essential part of his philosophy. Plato demonstrated this idea in one of his most popular works entitled the Republic.
The Republic is concerned with the education of the guardians. Plato discusses the principles of state that is
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Plato’s teaching was influenced by his own teacher, Socrates. He taught his students to think beyond experiences of the senses and to believe in the capacity of the human mind in order to attain absolute truth. The favored method of gaining knowledge was through dialectic. In his application of dialectic, He would begin by defining accepted beliefs, and then he would show the relationships among these beliefs. This would lead to a profound insight. Plato remains at the Academy as the director of research until his death in 348–347 BC (age approx 80).
Plato’s educational theory
Plato believed in the education of every boy and girl to the limits of their abilities. He felt that the care of the child’s soul and body began during pregnancy and often recommended that the mother take walks to ensure the well being of her unborn child. After the birth of her baby, he recommended that they be kept well wrapped until the age of two and the child should be carried until age three to prevent putting too much pressure on their immature legs. Plato believed that the first five years of growth and development of a child were the most vital and that it was during this time, necessitating frequent and appropriately graduated exercise should be introduced.
Plato recommended making learning as close to play as possible on the elementary levels. He believes that a child's character will be formed while he/she is at play and the main tool for the formation of character is