# Physics of Baseball Essay

1695 Words 7 Pages
Ever wonder why a curve ball curves? Or why a bat breaks when it hits the ball? Or how exactly a homerun is hit? Here you will find the answers to these questions. I will discuss a brief history of baseball, forces that are applied in baseball, the curve ball, and what exactly happens when the ball meets the bat.

In the early days of the history of baseball there were several variations of the game known as Rounders, but the game had no set of "official" rules. This game of Rounders eventually led to a game known as Town Ball and then to the game we now know as baseball.

In 1845, a man known as Alexander Cartwright was looking for some recreation with a group of friends. They began to play a version of Rounders, but Cartwright
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The first World Series was played in 1884. Plenty of years of the World Series would come.

There are plenty of forces in baseball that take affect.
In order to strike out the batter, the pitcher has to apply a force to the ball. The speed and velocity of the ball is then determined by the pitcher. A pitcher can apply many different types of forces that cause the ball to do different unique things. For instance a pitcher can apply a force to the ball so that it sinks right as it gets close to the batter, making the batter think he will be able to swing at it. This is known as the curve ball. The pitchers arm acts like a lever giving him mechanical advantage allowing him to increase his force. Some pitchers can pitch a ball consistently at 99mph.

In catching the ball (out in the field) you are anticipating where that ball will land. You have to position yourself so that you can catch it. Since the ball travels in a parabola (do to gravity) you need to position your self half the distance of the maximum height. When doing this a baseball player is calculating the angle of where the ball will land.

The catcher that sits behind home plate has to control the force that the pitcher provides. This catcher stops 100 mph balls instantly. The force has to go somewhere. Where does it go? A lot of this force disburses into the glove, and less into the hand and arm. Years of training can teach you how to catch a fast ball with less pain. However sometimes a fast ballâ€™s

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