Personality and Situational Behavior Essay
Personality and Situational Behavior
Personality traits can affect success in school and many other long-term outcomes. Traits affect daily moods as well (Feist & Feist, 2009). An individual’s personality may seem unstable from one …show more content…
Several dispositional theories exist to explain personality. One of these theories is the Psychology of the Individual theory pioneered by Gordon Allport. Since this theory is more encompassing almost any trait or characteristic can be linked to the psychology of the individual theory. This theory is very open and asserts that every individual is unique; this means the possibilities are endless (Feist & Feist, 2009).
Other important dispositional theories are trait and factor theories. Raymond B. Cattell found many personality traits whereas Hans J. Eysenck insisted that there were only three major traits (Feist & Feist, 2009). Factor analysis includes making observations of many people and the quantifying the observations. This is very different from Allports assertion that only an individual should be studied to learn about personalities. With trait and factor theories, the main characteristics have many sub-characteristics that fall under the label (Feist & Feist, 2009). For example, introversion: The traits that fall under this descriptor are persistence and shyness in social situations. Then each of these traits has sub categories called habits. Habits that denote shyness-for example-are studying alone, turning down invitations, and working on hobbies alone