Parental Behaviors Predict Child Depression and Anxiety Essay

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Schwartz, Dudgeon, Sheeber, Yap, Simmons, and Allen (2012) examined the relationship between parental behaviors during child-parent collaborations, and the subsequent development of internalizing symptoms such as anxiety and depression. This study considered the impact of positive and negative parental behaviors, on the development of anxiety and depression symptoms occurring during adolescence specifically (Schwartz et al., 2012). Schwartz et al. (2012) defined positive parental behaviors as “behaviors that convey acceptance, affection or happiness” (p. 59), and negative parental behaviors as “behaviors that convey aggression or dysphoria” (p. 59). Elaborating on the definition of negative emotional expressions, Schwartz et al. (2012) …show more content…
One limitation to the current literature is that it has not assessed the impact of submissive negative behaviors on children and adolescents. Studies have found that dominant negative behaviors, such as depression (Sheeber & Sorensen, 1998) and aggression (Sheeber, Davis, Leve, Hops, & Tildesley, 2007), were identified in parents whose children displayed depressed symptoms. This study improves on the past research because it examines both dominant and submissive parental behaviors on the development of internalizing symptoms (Schwartz et al., 2012). A second limitation to the current literature is that most of the research exploring the relationship between parental behavior and the resulting symptomology has been done during childhood. This study improves on the past research by conducting an examination of parental behaviors in adolescence aged approximately 10-12 years old, as opposed to children (Schwartz et al., 2012). Thirdly, current literature has examined single outcome results (like depression or anxiety symptoms), but none could be found that looked at the relationship between parental behaviors and the development of depression and anxiety. This study examines multiple symptom outcomes to evaluate the role of

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