Curtain Speech was that the Soviets felt it was meant to ‘sow seeds of
dissension among the Allied states’; the Soviets still considered the
Western powers as Allies.
2. Truman Doctrine (1947)
- Open and direct confrontation of Soviets
Calls the Soviets: ‘political oppression’, ‘suppression of personal
- Policy of US to support people who resist attempted subjugation by
‘outside pressure’ which meant the Soviets
- The need to assist the ‘free’ people
- Sees the Soviet as the enemy.
- The first concrete and coherent American foreign policy towards the
USSR Reaction: No immediate official response from the Soviet
government. However, a few months later, the Soviet ‘Two Camps Speech’
emerged stating Soviet stand. It stated officially that the USSR was
anti- democracy. Also the need to prevent Western powers’ desire to
dominate the world was emphasized; therefore the policy of cooperation
between the Socialist and Liberal parties would cease to exist.
Communist parties in Western European countries were told to adopt
militant anti-government stance.
3. Berlin Blockade (1948- 49)
- Soviet response to the merging of Western zones in Germany to form
- Also seen as a symbol of the Cold War between USSR and