As in Egypt, Orwell demonstrates through his allegorical novel “Animal Farm” that leaders are able to establish and maintain power over a people, and in turn create an oppressive and corrupt government system.
Orwell shows the significant difference in the education and levels of knowledge in the animals, and how the government takes advantage of this difference. The split between the levels of intelligence is portrayed in the first chapter when the idea of rebellion is sparked: “… the stupidest of them had already picked up the tune and a few words, and as for the clever ones, such as the pigs and the dogs, they had the entire song by heart within a few minutes” (Orwell 13). When Old Major --the spark that set fire to the idea of
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Many citizens were complacent with his rule simply because “the majority of Egyptians are not learned in political ideologies and information dissection, etc., and so will continue to educate themselves through secondary sources, state media and coffee shop rhetoric” (Viney 1). Because many people in Egypt are less likely to be informed of political happenings and form sentiments toward the policies and ruling, the government is able to take advantage of the peoples’ votes, and manipulate their ways of thinking to fit the government’s views. Some Egyptians are worried that “[the Muslim Brotherhood and Salafi current] will take the majority in parliament; appealing to the uneducated, illiterate masses of Egyptian society. [They] use strong societal pressure; pushing on issues such as personal morality, to allure voters to usher in an Islamically-led political philosophy” (Taman Xx). This could result in an oppressive government who the country voted for based on policies not related to politics, and therefore would have a political agenda that does not benefit the country well. In “Animal Farm,” the pigs use propaganda tactics to keep control of the other animals. Squealer, second in command to Napoleon, often spreads lies and other propagandist messages to convince the animals that all is well, similar to the Egyptian media that propagates pro-government messages. The leader, Napoleon, also attempts to blame an enemy for their problems: