Occupational Therapy Essay examples

2272 Words 10 Pages
Introduction
Occupational therapy (OT) theory offers valuable contribution to support professionalization since possessing a unique body of knowledge is essential to define a profession (Cooper, 2012). To utilize theory effectively, it is essential to differentiate between generic and specific theory as knowledge of the core theory helps to form OT identity and action as a practicing practitioner. In this essay, OT theory refers only to philosophy and OT specific models. Frame of references (FOR) will not be included since it can be shared with the other professions (Boniface & Seymour, 2012).
The following essay will present on the evolution of OT theory, followed by how theory guides occupational therapist to be occupation-based and
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Since OT is a health profession closely allied to medicine, there was a strong need to be acknowledge by the medical community as an effective medical service. Therefore, the attention within the paradigm shifted to function and dysfunction determining by inner mechanisms: musculoskeletal, neurological and psychological (Duncan, 2012). Consequently, occupational therapists toned down the use of meaningful occupation in order to achieve measurable functional goals which diverts the profession from its philosophy.
Contemporary paradigm.
In the 1960s and 1970s, the profession was strongly affected by the mechanistic paradigm resulting in professional identity crisis. Hence, Mary Reilly called for the profession to return to the focus on occupation. This led to the expansion of research as well as the development of new theories about occupation and its effect on health and well-being (Barker Schwartz, 2003) which influences practice, forming the contemporary paradigm.
Model.
In the 1980s, to address the professional identity crisis and return the profession to its occupational roots, profession’s academic leaders have focused on applied science by establishing occupation-focused conceptual models to guide practice and research (Kielhofner, 2009); for example, the Model of Human Occupation (MOHO), Canadian Model of Occupational Performance and Engagement…

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