Essay on Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

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The mental disorder known as Obsessive Compulsive Disorder affects over 6 million Americans of all ages and genders. Half of these affected Americans go undiagnosed, and untreated (Charles). Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) has noticeable symptoms in many people, but it can be treated. In the fifteenth century, the first descriptions of OCD behavior occurred. The description was about a young man who couldn’t stop sticking out his tongue, and who had the urge to blurt things out during prayer. However, the term “obsessive compulsive” and medical accounts of the disorder did not emerge until the mid- 1800’s.Sigmund Freud was the man who developed the first known scientific theory for OCD. He proposed that obsessive thoughts were a …show more content…
In order to raise these serotonin levels in the brain, certain types of medications can be used (“Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder”). Although OCD has no specific cause, it can be onset by health issues, genetics, or stressful time periods. Strep throat is one of the only health issues that have the ability to cause OCD. It occurs when anti-bodies that fight the infection attack nerve tissues in the central part of the brain, this is also called “basal ganglia”. Even though there is no specific gene that causes this disorder, the risk of a child acquiring OCD is a lot higher if even just one of their family members has it (“Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder”). Stressful events can also onset the disorder, things such as pregnancy, childbirth, or family issues (“Obsessive – compulsive disorder”, Magill’s Medical Guide). “OCD is characterized by recurrent disturbing, distressing, or intrusive thoughts called obsessions ,or ritualized behaviors or mental acts called compulsions.” –Mount Sinais’ Dr. Dorothy Grace (Charles). Obsessions are the part of the disorder that can be categorized into five sections; obsessive doubts, thinking, impulses, fears, and images . Obsessions are most commonly known in eight different forms; checking, ordering, washing and cleaning, hoarding, repeating or touching, mental rituals, harm obsessions, and sexual obsessions. The obsession known as checking is an irrational fear of causing harm due to error; this means you

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