Nuclear Medicine and Radioactive Isotopes Essay

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Topic: Nuclear Medicine involves radioactive isotopes produced in reactors. What is useful about this technology? Who regulates the production?
Nuclear medicine is a part of medical imaging that operates with small amount of radioactive materials to find out and diagnose different types of diseases.1 As this technology helps to cure many diseases and provides many benefits in human bodies, it also leaves out many risks. The purpose of this report is to evaluate the benefits and risks of nuclear medicine.
Benefits associated with Nuclear Medicine:
• The procedures of nuclear medicine imaging are non-invasive.1 Because of this imaging technology, different medical instruments are not used into the body while detecting or diagnosing a
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The cost of this technology is very high and could be difficult for some patients to afford the cost of these. However, the cost Nuclear Medicine technology is low comparing to the other technologies and it could be affordable for most of the patients to determine their disease and get proper treatment.
• By detecting whether lesions are likely benign or malignant, Positron Emission Tomography3 (PET) scans many remove the need of surgical biopsy or identifying the best location for biopsy.1 Benign (non-cancerous) and malignant (cancerous) are two types of tumors which occurs because of a damage in a tissue. Surgical biopsy is a method which is to diagnose benign or malignant tumor. But the result of the surgical biopsy is not very effective and on the other hand, the PET scan which is a part of the nuclear medicine technology can proved effective results of diagnosing a benign or malignant tumor. • Positron Emission Tomography3 (PET) which is a part of Nuclear Medicine provides supplementary information that is difficult to provide by other technologies.1 This can be briefly shown by the images below:

The images above are two different images by two different imaging technologies but it is the same part of the human body. The first picture is a result of Computerized Tomography5 (CT) scan and it

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