Malcolm X Essay

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      A black militant, Malcolm X championed the rights of African Americans and urged them to develop racial unity. He was known for his association first with the Nation of Islam, sometimes known as the Black Muslims, and later with the Organization of Afro-American Unity, which he founded after breaking with the Nation of Islam. Malcolm Little was born in Omaha, Neb., on May 19, 1925, the seventh of eleven children. The family soon moved to Lansing, Mich.

There they were harassed by whites who resented the black nationalist views of the father, Earl Little, an organizer for Marcus Garvey's "back-to-Africa" movement. When Malcolm was 6 his father was murdered. His mother later suffered a nervous
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While serving in prison Malcolm adopted the Islamic religion as practiced by a group that later became known as the Nation of Islam. They stressed ethical conduct with other African Americans but taught that white people were "devils." Released from prison in 1952, Malcolm joined his younger brother in Detroit, Mich., where, in Muslim fashion, he replaced his slave last name with an X to symbolize his lost "true African family name."Malcolm X soon became an active participant in the Nation of Islam. He assisted the national leader, Elijah Muhammad, by starting many new Muslim groups throughout the United States.

His success as a recruiter was a result of his skill as a speaker, as he worked to instill racial pride in his black listeners and recounted the sufferings of blacks under white domination. In 1954 he returned to New York to become minister of the important Harlem temple, and in 1957 he founded the Muslim newspaper Muhammad Speaks.By the early 1960s the Nation of Islam had become nationally known. Malcolm X was their most effective national minister and their most recognized spokesman. He was increasingly ignored, however, by Black Muslims who accused him of seeking personal glory. In 1963 Malcolm X was officially silenced for his remark that the assassination of President John F. Kennedy was a case of "the chickens coming home to roost." Elijah Muhammad suspended him from the movement.

In 1964 Malcolm X broke

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