Making False Confessions Essay example
According to the framework, voluntary false confessions result from one of the following: a morbid desire for notoriety, which is probably due to a personality disorder; inability to distinguish facts from fantasy, which is probably due to distorted thinking such as in schizophrenia; need for punishment, which is probably associated with depressive illness; hope for leniency;• or a desire to protect the real perpetrator (Kassin and Wrightsman, 1985; Gudjonsson, 1993).
Coerced false confessions are divided in two groups, compliant and internalized. Both are elicited by the police. As a result of coercive police interviewing or custodial setting, a coerced-compliant false confession occurs when a suspect gives up and falsely confesses in order to escape from a psychologically intimidating situation for some instrumental gain. The suspects might think they will be allowed to go home by confessing and the truth might come out eventually; they might be claustrophobic; they might have a drug addiction that needs feeding, or just want the interview to end (Gudjonsson, 1991).
A coerced-internalized false confession occurs when suspects start to believe (internalize) their guilt whilst being interviewed by the police, despite having no recollection of committing the crime. For example, the suspect might have been heavily