Living with Diabetes Essay

1123 Words 5 Pages
Life with diabetes can be difficult. A diabetic person must eat the right healthy foods, exercise and check their blood sugar levels daily. If someone with diabetes does not properly care for the disease it can be detrimental to their overall health and have grim consequences later in life. Some people may need to take insulin shots, others may just need oral medication, but either way, it is a way of life that cannot be ignored.
RQ1 what is diabetes? Glucose is produced in the liver and insulin is produced in the pancreas, insulin helps the body break down the sugar in the blood stream. Insufficient insulin means the that the liver is producing masses amounts of sugar and the cells in the body are not absorbing it, insulin helps this
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Diabetics also must check their own sugar on a daily basis, sometimes up to three times a day, with a special at home tester. The aim is a blood sugar reading of 80-120mg/dl, either fasting or two hours after a meal. If someone is not diabetic, the body should be producing enough insulin to break down the sugar in the blood, therefore giving a fairly normal reading.
RQ3 how do you control the disease? Controlling diabetes can be hard but if it is kept in check regularly then it becomes like second nature. Diet and exercise are important, eating the right foods that are low in fat, sugar and carbohydrates will keep sugar levels lower. Type II diabetics can often control their diabetes simply by losing weight and changing their lifestyle, but if that is not enough, there are medications that can be taken.
RQ4 what medications are there? Type II diabetes usually starts out with an oral medication that helps the cells absorb the excess sugar in the body, the medications sensitize the cells so they are more productive, often times in a diabetic person, the cells do not recognize the sugar therefore they do not know what to do with it. One of the signs of diabetes is excessive urination, it is the bodies way of getting rid of the sugar that the cells are not absorbing without medication. After awhile, however, even type II diabetics usually end up on insulin injections because oral

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