Level of Development within the Dominican Republic Essay

4798 Words 20 Pages
1.0 Introduction

The following report examines the extent of development within the Dominican Republic in relation to economic, social and political development. It shall also examine some of the problems that are preventing further development within the Dominican Republic.

1.1 Location

The Dominican Republic is located in the Caribbean, between Cuba and Puerto Rico on the island of Hispaniola, which it shares with Haiti to the west. With an extension of 48,442 square kilometres, the Dominican Republic is the second largest country in the Antilles.

1.2 History

Explored and claimed by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492, the island of Hispaniola became the base for the expansion of the Spanish conquest of the Caribbean
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The highest mountain peak is Pico Duarte, which rises in Cordillera Central to a height of 3,087 meters.

1.4 Climate

The Dominican Republic has primarily a semitropical climate, with more diurnal and local variations in temperature than seasonal ones, and with seasonal variability in the abundance of rainfall. The average annual temperature is 26° C. Highs of 40° C are common in protected valleys, as are lows of zero in mountainous areas. Seasons however, vary more as a function of rainfall than of temperature. Along the northern coast, the rainy season lasts from November through January and in the rest of the country, it runs from May through November. The dry season lasts from November through April. The average annual rainfall for the country as a whole is 150 centimetres.

1.5 Natural hazards

The greatest threat to the Dominican Republic comes from hurricanes. The Caribbean hurricane season lasts from June 1 to November 30. Tropical cyclones, such as tropical depressions, storms, and hurricanes--occur on average once every two years. Over 65 percent of the storms strike the southern part of the Dominican Republic. They can produce winds greater than 200 kilometres per hour and rainfall greater than 50 centimetres in a twenty-four-hour period.

1.6 Population

The Dominican Republic had approximately 8,715,602 million inhabitants in 2003 (www.cia.gov). As

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