Leininger's Transcultural Nursing Theory Essay

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Leininger's Transcultural Nursing Theory Edward B. Taylor (1903) defined culture as “that complex whole which includes knowledge, beliefs, arts, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.” Clifford Geertz's (1973) culture definition was “the fabric of meaning in terms of which human beings interpret their experience and guide their action.” In 1990, Richard Fox went on to say that culture was “a set of understandings and a consciousness under active construction by which individuals interpret the world around them...or a tool kit or set of scenarios that individuals use to implement or to stage their daily life” (Vandenberg, 2010, p. 240). However defined, culture has the power …show more content…
The purpose of this paper is to define Leininger's Transcultural Nursing theory. In doing so, the reader will be able to properly individualize patient care plans based on the patient’s cultural needs and thus provide adequate nursing care.

Literature Review In the late 1940s Madeleine Leininger became the founder of the Culture Care Diversity and Universality Theory (Sagar, 2012, p. 1). The initiating factor for Leininger's transcultural theory is that caring processes, expressions and patterns vary for each culture; this is the main theme of her theory (Potter et al., 2013, p. 45). Nurses need to identify and implement the patient’s culture into all aspects of nursing care to improve client cooperation, effectiveness, and outcomes (Potter et al., 2013, p. 80). The Culture Care Diversity and Universality Theory, or Transcultural Nursing Theory, has a model called the Sunrise Enabler to Discover Culture Care, or Sunrise Model, which includes the following cultural influential factors: Technological; Religious and philosophical; Kinship and social; Cultural values, beliefs, and life ways; Political and legal; Economic; Educational (Sagar, 2012, p. 1-2). These influences create any specific culture and its defining characteristics. According to Leininger's Sunrise Model, these factors eventually produce health care expressions, which contribute to health, illness, or death

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