Justified True Belief Essay
'Justified true belief' was Plato's attempt to bring rigour to his claim to know something. Briefly explain what he meant by 'justified true belief' and, more importantly, attempt to relate it to your own ways-of-knowing and your personal conviction of what it is to know something.
Plato founded an academy almost two and a half thousand years ago that was concerned with validating its knowledge in the areas of science, mathematics and philosophy. On what grounds can we be certain that we really know something? This was the question addressed by Plato himself and the students of the academy. Plato's answer was that knowledge must be certain Knowledge. Certain Knowledge must be believable, true and …show more content…
Knowledge through authority is knowledge using authority such as textbooks, where the information in the textbook (the authority) came from is a prominent issue in theory of knowledge. I know that cells were first described in 1665 by Robert Hooke. I know this by authority by using my Biology textbook.
Knowledge by memory is knowledge that comes through remembering something. I know that that the first day of school this year was the 23rd of August. I know this because I remember it.
I know that 2+2=4. I know this logically because I know that in the two times table 2x2=4 so logically two lots of two added would make four. These four ways of knowing logically, empirically, by authority and by memory are all types of impersonal propositional knowledge. This means that they are the types of knowledge that are easier for other people to accept because they produce knowledge that is acceptable to all of us as true. Other ways in which I can know something are personal ways, which produce personal knowledge, which is less likely to be accepted by other people as true. There are