In The Republic, the great philosopher Plato attempts to reveal through the character and dialogues of Socrates that justice is better when it is the good for which men must strive for, regardless of whether they could be unjust and still be rewarded. His method is to use dialectic, the asking and answering of questions. This method leads the audience from one point to another, supposedly with indisputable logic by obtaining agreement to each point before going on to the next, therefore, building an argument.
Interestingly about the work of Socrates is that its not known very well, since nothing was recorded during his time. Everything that we know about Socrates has come through the writings of his greatest
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Therefore, at a minimum, justice is a form of goodness that cannot be involved in being disruptive of one’s character. In short, justice is a virtue, a human excellence. His next point is that acting in accordance with excellence brings happiness. Then he ties excellence to one's function. His examples are those of the senses: Each sensory organ is excellent if it performs its function, as the eye sees, the ear hears. Therefore, the just person is a happy person, which means that person is performing his function. Given that these are all tied together, injustice can never surpass these virtues and justice is stronger and is the good.
However, Socrates does not stop there. He moves forward to examine the questions that lead to the nature of justice and the just life. He identifies four of the Athenian virtues: wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice. For much of the book, he looks at each virtue case by case in terms of the perfect city-state, but my objective is on justice. Socrates makes the point that justice, of all the virtues, resides in man's relations to other men, not just in man as an individual. Thus, it is an excellence in social organization and in the organization of the human soul. So justice is of virtue, which must be connected to the function of efficient and healthful cooperation. Justice is in one sense the greatest virtue for it is key to making the other virtues