Issues of Adolescence and Predominant Psychological Theories Essay example

1946 Words 8 Pages
According to Dolgin (2011), “Biological theorists - primarily biologists and psychologists – believe that adolescents are the way they are because of their genes, hormones, or evolutionary history. These theorists downplay environmental influences and tend to believe that the adolescent experience is similar regardless of where someone is raised” (p. 32). “Development occurs in an almost inevitable, universal pattern, regardless of sociocultural environment” (Dolgin, 2013, p. 32).
Alienation is defined by Dictionary.com (2013) as “the state of being withdrawn or isolated from the objective world, as through indifference or disaffection.”
Thus alienation would be viewed by the biological theorist as having its roots in the evolutionary
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In some instances, though, if the feelings of alienation result in a clinically significant level of depression or anxiety, appropriate psychotropic medication prescribed by a psychiatrist may prove effective (Oberlander & Miller, 2011).
Substance use and abuse are major issues facing the world of adolescents today. As indicated previously, the biological view of this issue would focus on a number of factors of a biological nature, including the relative immaturity of the areas of the cerebral cortex dealing with balancing risk and reward in the adolescent (Steinberg, 2008). Thus to some extent, adults have to expect adolescents to try some risky behaviors because they are willing to take greater risks than adults for the same reward. Should substance abuse become a major problem for an adolescent, biological remedies would include detoxification, healthy aerobic exercise to help balance neurochemicals, hormones and electrolytes, and in the case of addiction to a drug like heroin, substitution of a less harmful drug such as methadone. In addition, biologically oriented psychologists pay particular attention to the potential for genetics to influence one’s propensity toward drug addiction, particularly with respect to alcohol dependence (Ray, Barr, Blendy,

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