Essay Is the Study of Roman Law Relevant?

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Is Roman Law a relevant area of study for modern society?

Introduction to Roman Law.
Today, in the 21st centaury there are two great legal systems with origins in Europe; the Civil law system that was largely derived from Roman Law, and the Common Law system of England. Civil Law created the foundations upon which the continent of Europe and countries within South America built their legal systems.

What is the difference between Civil and Common Law?
Common law is a peculiarly English development. Different rules and customs applied in different regions of the country before the Norman Conquest. However, after 1066 the monarchs using King’s court began to unite the country and its laws. Organic development was a critical part of these
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In modern society the distinction between common and civil legal practice lies in the main source of law. Although common-law systems make wide use of statutes, it is the judicial cases that are regarded as the most important basis of law, this enables judges to have an active role in developing rules and law. For example, the elements needed to prove the crime of Actual Bodily Harm (ABH) not defined by statute, rather they are contained in case law. In order to guarantee consistency, the courts abide by precedents established by higher courts examining the same or a similar issue. In civil-law systems, by contrast, judges have a more restricted function of applying the law to the case in hand as codes and statutes exist, these are intended to cover all possibilities and eventualities. The previous judgments made on similar cases are not used as more than loose guidelines. In the majority of court cases, judges in civil-law systems are more inclined towards being examiners, whilst their peers in the common-law systems act as intermediaries between the parties that present their arguments.

Civil-law systems are used in 150 countries (CIA World Factbook), this is far more widespread than their counterparts, common-law systems The CIA World Factbook puts the number of countries using Common Law at 80 countries. This can be explained due to the fact that common-law systems are found only in countries that previously were English colonies or have been influenced by the

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