President Andrew Jackson wanted the white settlers from the south to expand owning land from Five Indian tribes, which was called Indian Removal Policy (McNamara). The Five Indian tribes that were affected were Choctaws, Muskogee, Chickasaws, Cherokees, and the Seminoles. In the 1830, the Removal Act went into effect. The Removal Act gave President Andrew Jackson the power to remove Indian tribes living east of the Mississippi river by a negotiate removal treaties (James). The treaties, made the Indians give up their land for exchange of land in the west (James). There were a few tribes that agreed to sign the treaties. The others that did not sign the treaty were forced into leaving their land, this was known as the Trail of Tears.
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4,000 Choctaws Indians left, but a lot of them died of diseases and exhaustions. The ones that stayed behind ended up leaving as they got cheated out of their land and forced to leave. The Creek Nation tribe (Muskogee) did not leave so peacefully (McNamara). After the treaty in 1832, this begun the Creek war. The Creek war went on from 1836-1837. The United States Army captured over 14,000 Creaks Indians and moved them to Oklahoma (McNamara). The United States Army burned their homes and destroyed their crops (James). Out of the 14,000 Creek Indians 2,500 made the trip in chains, and the others died of exposure and disease (McNamara).
The Chickasaw Indians had fewer in their tribes. Nearly 500 Chickasaw Indians died of smallpox (McNamara). Chickasaw were living what is now known as Mississippi. Chickasaw received financial compensation, which was 3 million dollars from the United States for their land in Mississippi (Chickasaw). Other Indian tribes exchanged land grants but Chickasaw’s where the only ones to receive the compensation (Chickasaw). 1836, the government paid Chickasaws $530,000 for the land, and the other three million went unpaid for 30 years (Chickasaw).
John Ross was the tribal chief of the Cherokee. In 1830, Ross and the Cherokee tribe took brave steps into trying to save their land in Georgia. Cherokee tried to keep their land by suing Georgia. The case