Essay on Indian Nuclear Weapons: Costs vs. Benefits

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Indian Nuclear Weapons: Costs vs. Benefits


The history of Indo-Pakistani relations has been a dominated by turbulence and bitter rivalry. After the partition in 1947, millions of people migrated to their new home in either the Islamic state of Pakistan or the secular state of India. Only two weeks after independence, India and Pakistan fought a war over Kashmir in 1948. India and Pakistan fought two more wars with each other in 1965 and 1971, with the latter resulting in the creation of Bangladesh. Since then, India and Pakistan have had very hard feelings against each other due to numerous Hindu-Muslim conflicts, the territorial dispute over Kashmir, and other bilateral tensions.

Some people can argue that the whole notion of
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After setting up the background, it will then focus on the effects of this May's tests on India regarding security, politics and economic terms. This paper will then demonstrate that the costs of conducting the nuclear tests exceed the benefits. Although India claims it conducted the tests last May to display its nuclear capability for security reasons, India is no more secure today than it was before conducting the tests. India does not have enough of a nuclear weapons arsenal to serve as a deterrent to China or any other major nuclear power. Moreover, India was punished by the international community with economic sanctions and strained diplomatic relations.

When going down the nuclear road, India should have looked at all of the long-term aspects. India's domestic politics supported the government conducting nuclear tests; the end result was that the people were hurt by the negative repercussions.
From the time of independence in 1947, India was a strong proponent of nuclear disarmament. Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister, was active in the United Nations Eighteen Nation Disarmament Committee, which conducted…

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