In the age of empires, China grew from the chaotic instability of its warring states to an entirely new way of governance led by the Qin and Han opposites. But even though the Han had milder policies than the Qin who shook the entire empire into place like shaking a box of unorganized puzzle pieces and having them fit together in one try, China dispersed in the Six Dynasties of disunity all over again (Strayer 160). The strength of imperial leadership steered China from its fragmented states to a bustling empire to fragments again during the age of empires. The seven major competing states in the Warring States Period, Qin, Han, Wei, Zhao, Qi, Chu, and Yan, were often times in conflict with one another ("The Warring States Period of
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But it was not the state of Wei who came out victorious but the state of Qin in the west. Near the end of the fourth century, it was becoming evident that it would be the Qin that was the fate of China, who had their armies positioned in the north across the Yellow River and along the upper south Yangtze valley, which were tactical regions that had never been under the control of any sole influence before (“The Warring States Period (453-221)”). The influence the state of Qin held was running out, as it had with the other states that were exposed to that sliver of power. Nevertheless, during the closing years of the Warring States Period, the Qin’s continuing and unyielding conquests of the major states, Han, Zhao, Yan, Wei, Chu, and Qi, finally ended the political fragmentation of China for the time being (“The Warring States Period (453-221)”). China was ready to be governed over as one by the conqueror of all the seven states, and it was none other than Qin Shi Huangdi.
The Qin Dynasty under Qin Shi Huangdi was the one that emerged triumphant after the Warring States Period and then the Han Dynasty, which was divided into two periods: Western Han and Eastern Han ("Han Dynasty (206 B.C.–220 A.D.)"). The state of Qin united China