Human Resource Management Essay
The primary function of human resource management is to increase the effectiveness and contribution of employees in the attainment of organizational goals and objectives. An organization's success increasingly depends on the knowledge, skills, and abilities of its employees. Without out them they would surely fail. Particularly, how a company is run and how they treat their employees and customers help set the core competencies, which distinguish one organization from its competitors. This paper is intended to give an overall view of how important Human Resources re to a organization, by looking at the people involved, the laws that effect, and the methods used in Human resource management.
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One of the basic forces influencing Human Resource Management today are the various laws that have been passed over the last 50 years that influence how an employer can hire, manage and fire employees. The legal framework that has been created by the various laws, such as the Equal Employment Opportunity laws, the Age Discrimination Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act provide a useful structure upon which the HRM of a company can base specific policies. These laws represent how HRM must treat potential and actual employees.
Equal Employment Opportunity laws (EEO) prohibit specific types of job discrimination in certain workplaces. EEO laws are enforced by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), whose task is to resolve charges of discrimination and interpret the meaning of the first great EEO law Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII prohibits employment discrimination based upon race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Not all cases can be prosecuted, because the agency still does not have the power to issue directly enforceable orders. (p79). A second law that has far reaching