How the Industrial Revolution Changed Society in the 19th Century

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The Industrial Revolution changed society entirely during the 19th century. It encouraged the transition from agricultural labor to industrial labor, such as factory work. With this transition came urbanization, great poverty, and class struggle. Industrialization led to a reduction in the living standards of workers, widespread malnutrition, and eventually the deterioration of one’s life expectancy. The factory workers were stuck in a vicious cycle of poverty and the inability to escape it. Karl Marx’s ideas and theories about class struggle would eventually change how workers thought of their role in society. His theories would bring about revolutions and drastic changes to society. Karl Marx was born in the early 19th century …show more content…
Marx was a strong proponent of socialism and proclaimed that the implementation of socialism would, eventually, bring about a classless society. He also believed that the working classes should create a revolt against the upper level classes, defined by capitalism, and bring social change into the new society (Karl Marx Biography). In the mid-19th century, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote a short publication that contained their theories about society and how they thought a capitalist society would eventually be replaced by a socialist one. This publication, The Communist Manifesto, was so important because it became “the touchstone of Marxist and communist revolutions all over the world” (Hunt 708). Marx and Engels supported industrialization because they believed it would bring on a revolt of the working class and, thus, the downfall of a societal hierarchy and the ownership private property. As the Industrial Revolution went on, several revolutions came as a consequence. The oppressed workers began to form union-like movements that demanded certain things for the workers. Similar movements to Britain’s People’s Charter and Marx’s International Workingmen’s Association led rebellions in several areas that stretched all across Europe. The year 1848 saw the biggest chunk of revolts. Revolutions happened in France, Italy, Britain, and Russia (Hunt 709-715). Europe’s working class was finally pushing

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