How Presidents Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower Tried to Stop Communism

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As president, both Harry S. Truman (Democrat) and Dwight D. Eisenhower (Republican) made it a top priority to contain the spread of communism. Both served for two terms in office. President Truman served as Vice-President for Roosevelt a mere eighty-two days when Roosevelt died making him the 33rd president. Truman demonstrated an aggressive and expensive methodology of dealing with Stalin and the Soviet Union. Eisenhower, conversely, concentrated his foreign policy more on promoting superior United States nuclear weapon technologies to deter Soviet expansion and the spread of communism. While Truman had to rely on appealing to the fear of Americans and Congress to gain approval for his costly policies, Eisenhower’s policies were …show more content…
He was sixty-two years old at the time. He believed that the fight against communism was “a war of light against darkness, freedom against slavery, Godliness against atheism.” He implemented the threat of nuclear weapons to resolve the war between Korea and China. Additionally, he signed the Formosa Resolution of 1955 to defend Taiwan from communist China. In further efforts against the spread of communism, Eisenhower ordered United States troops to prevent the government of Lebanon, which was pro-western, from being taken over by a revolution. On the home front, Truman encountered many difficulties in domestic affairs. Following World War II, the country faced economic recession. In 1946, Truman signed the Employment Act to resolve the issue of unemployment. It established that the government was responsible for assuring that all able and willing American citizens have the opportunity to work. During his presidency, Truman also signed the Housing Act of 1949 calling for greater government involvement in mortgages and established public housing assistance. Truman also passed the Revenue Act of 1950 increasing income taxes to increase government revenue. Also in 1950, he extended the coverage and raised benefit amounts for social security. Truman also started military integration establishing equal rights for African Americans who served the country despite opposition from fellow Democrats in the south.

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