How Knowledge Changes over TIme Essay
Thursday, May 15, 2014
“That which is accepted as knowledge today is sometimes discarded tomorrow.” Consider knowledge issues raised by this statement in two areas of knowledge.
Knowledge is a social construct, and thereby this statement is true due to human nature, but to what extent is our knowledge a product of society (and thus is always in transition) because of the drive and curiosity of humans? The revision process is simply a way of keeping ourselves in control over what we know in a systematic way. Knowledge is in a constant state of change because our ideas and …show more content…
Sometimes, knowledge is revised out of necessity because new evidence does not fit a current theory. The natural sciences are very much paradigmatic in nature. As outlined by Thomas Kuhn, the natural sciences are revolutionary as opposed to “normal”; Kuhn argues that in “normal science”, scientific progress is limited to the scope of the current paradigm itself. Revolutionary science deals with paradigm shifts, in which there is a change in the basic assumptions of a scientific theory. Paradigmatic thinkers, however, are often disregarded and brushed off due to their dynamic views. For example, the earth was thought to be flat for was widely accepted until Pythagoras introduced a spherical model. How do we come to a conclusion about what knowledge is accepted and what is discarded, then? If enough people believe something, does it become knowledge? It certainly seems to behave that way in history.
We often say that the winners write history. The majority of historical