How Does the Penal Populism’ Theory Explain Penal Policies in Certain Countries?

1969 Words 8 Pages
How does the ‘penal populism’ theory explain penal policies in certain Countries?

This essay will explain how penal populism theories explain penal policies in certain countries by firstly analysing penal populism by using New Zealand as a lens, and secondly comparing New Zealand to the Nordic countries, who are not considered to coincide with penal populous thought and therefore determining if the theory explains New Zealand’s penal policies.
Penal populism theory at its most basic level has been described to be, to “convey the notion of politicians tapping into, and using for their own purposes, what they believe to be the public’s generally punitive stance” (Bartlett)therefore inferring it is ideas that politicians use to gain votes
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Therefore implying that the government of this time was very extensive but also very intrusive its values controlled social factors as well. An example of this can be seen through the gender regimes of the time, women were expected to stay home while the breadwinner; the male brought home enough money to provide for his family, however if he couldn’t the system provided with benefits that would supplement the loss(Lunt et al., 2008b). What this implied was at this point in time the government had deep control over all sectors of life, therefore subsequent values and morals were related to what the government thought.
However, in 1984 the Neo-liberal reforms began due to an economic crisis which had the potential to cripple New Zealand. The basis of Neo-liberalism is to provide a minimal state that’s welfare system unlike that seen in the egalitarian system as under Neoliberalism, the state’s role is to only provide for those who are most in need. The system also puts a heavyweight on the idea of equal chances, implying that a person place is dependent on their decisions in life and lastly that there would be an open Quasi

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