India has the population of 1.21 billion people - one sixth of the world's population, and is currently home to 6 million drivers and 2.27 million people living with HIV/AIDS (Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome).1-3 The automobile driver professionals were reported to be playing an important role in the transmission and acquisition of HIV, since the transport operators work lengthy hours away from his spouse which makes them vulnerable to HIV infection mainly owing to risky behaviour and unprotected sex.4 Although there is limited evidence on the direct association between transport personal and HIV infection, it is well-known that the HIV infection is indirectly associated with them.2, 4-8 Several studies have
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Followed by several national programs were implemented in the year 2006 targeting driver population throughout India.4 It is important to evaluate the control program at regional level to assess the efficacy of success rate and to adjust the program accordingly. Therefore, the present study was aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of interventional program in South India by analyzing the incidence of HIV infection among driver professionals, in comparison with the control population.2 And this information would be useful for NACO to prioritize the HIV prevention strategies and resource allocation.
Materials & Methods
This case-control study was carried out in the Department of Microbiology, Government Theni Medical College, Theni District, Tamil Nadu, and the institute is a tertiary care hospital also state referral laboratory for HIV/AIDS. The study was conducted based on the retrospective analysis of our Integrated Counselling and Testing Centre (ICTC) data during the period from April 2005 to December 2010. The study period were chosen form, one year before the implementation of control program. The ICTC participants who were documented as doing driver profession were included in this study.