Government Intervention Essay
Arguments for government intervention in international trade take two paths: political and economic (Hill 2011, p205). Political intervention is concerned with protection of certain groups within the nation. These groups are usually the producers who have a lot to gain at the expense of consumers. On the other hand, economic arguments for intervention are concerned with increasing the wealth of the nation to the benefit of all i.e. producers and consumers. This paper discusses the arguments for the protectionist measures and the instruments governments apply in controlling trade and foreign direct investments. Firstly the instruments for trade policy available to governments are defined. The arguments for intervention are …show more content…
Import quotas and voluntary export restraints (VERs) – an import quota is a restriction on quantity of imported goods, usually instituted by issuing import licences. A voluntary export restriction is a quota on trade usually imposed by exporting country at the request of importing country’s government. Import quotas and VERs benefit producers at the expense of consumers.
Local content requirements (LCR) – requires that a specific fraction of a good be produced domestically. This has been used by developing countries to promote local manufacturing thus moving away from simple assembly. Developed countries have used them to protect jobs and domestic industry.
Administrative polices – bureaucratic rules designed to make it difficult for imports to enter a country. They are a non-tariff barrier. For example France once required all VCR imports to pass through a small entry point that was poorly staffed and remote, to discourage Japanese imports (Hill, 2011 p203).
Antidumping policies – refer to selling goods in a foreign country/market at below their cost of production or below their fair market value. It is a way of unloading excess production and is a predatory behaviour. It is remedied by imposing duties (Hill, 2011 p205).