A goal is a general statement of what an organization or individual intends to accomplish. Without goals, an organization has nothing to guide its actions for the year. Goals provide officers and members with something to strive for and an evaluation measure to determine what the organization has accomplished over the year.Performance of employees and whole organizations is affected by the goals they set themselves.
The most important reasons for having goals are goals guide and direct behaviors of individuals and groups, provide challenges and indicators for assessing the individual and whole groups. Goals define the basis for the organizational design and serve an organizing function. Goal reflects what management and
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You are more prone to work through setbacks or work harder, if you’re pursuing a goal. The goal-performance relationship is subject to various moderators. Goal commitment is the most influential moderator. Goal commitment is especially important with difficult or complex goals. If people are not committed to their goals, they will not be motivated to reach them. In order for someone to be committed to a goal, they must believe it is important or significant. Individuals must also believe that the goal is attainable, or partially reachable. If they think there is no chance to reach it, they may not even try. Self-efficacy is a second moderator in goal setting theory. The higher someone’s self-efficacy regarding a certain task, the more likely they will be to set a higher goal, and the more persistent they will be in achieving it. In order for goals to enhance performance, there needs to be feedback. It is difficult for goals to be effective if an individual can not check where his or her performance is in relation to their goal. It is important that people know where they stand in achieving their goal, so they can determine if they need to work harder, or if they should change their methods. As a result of advancements in technology, feedback can be given more effectively. There are computer programs available that are designed to track goals for numerous members of an organization. The computer system maintains every employee’s goal, as well as