Globalization has produced winners and losers and the international institutions created to govern the process have and continue to further the interests of the winners. While actors who have been able to engage fully with the process have benefitted, others have not done so well and in most cases have been left worse off. This is as a result of the interplay of power in the global system which generates unequal social privileges for parties involved. The argument of this paper is that global governance is simply an enforcement of the powerful in the global arena which has led to the production of winners and losers in the globalization process.
Any discussion of global governance should start with an understanding of globalization which
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As this process has preceded so has the emergence of global or transnational problems which fall outside the scope and traditional authority of nation states. Problems such as transnational crime, climate change, financial crises etc are ones which individual states cannot tackle alone. The nature of these new problems therefore calls regulations or rulemaking on a global to effectively tackle them. It is against this backdrop that experts look at concepts like global governance for solutions to manage the global phenomenon. Global governance has been defined as “the sum of organizations, policy instruments, financing mechanisms, rules, procedures, and norms” or “the collective effort to identify, understand, and address worldwide problems that are beyond the capacity of individual states”.
Global governance however does not just happen and requires a concerted effort from all parties involved in the global process to enact global policies. Players in the global policy arena include states, international organizations, professional associations, advocacy groups etc. According to Avant et, al, these agents who they term ‘global governors’- are not simply occupying global structures but are active agents who want new structures and rules to solve problems, change outcomes or even transform international life. These processes are therefore political in that power and mobilization are the keys to achieving ones goal. This gives the indication that global