Essay Global Environmental Issues
In the Environmental Health Science …show more content…
The year 1970 brought the Clean Air Act. This legislation was designed to manage air pollutants on a national level. In turn, it required the EPA to develop and enforce regulations to protect the general public from exposure to airborne contaminants. In 1990, amendments added provisions for addressing acid rain, ozone depletion, and toxic air pollution, established a national permits program for industrial sources, and increased enforcement authority.
Research published by the Polish Journal of Environmental Studies found that “long term exposure to air pollution from particulate matter less than 10 microns in diameters (smoke, dirt, and dust from factories, farming, and roads) and nitrogen dioxide and living near major roads can increase the risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and can have a detrimental effect on lung function” (Spirić, Janković and Vraneš).
An analysis from the California Children’s Health Study points to ozone as a cause in the development of asthma in young people who did not previously have the disease. The study found that children who were active in outdoor sports in areas with high ozone concentrations were more than three times as likely to develop asthma as those who did not engage in outdoor sports during the five-year