“They came, they sapped, they burnt, they slew, they plundered and they departed.” This was an eyewitness account concerning the Mongolian conquests between the Amu Darya and Syr Darya Rivers quoted by the eleventh century Persian historian Ata-Malik Juvaini. It has often been a common misconception that the Mongols were all consumed by savagery and that they followed no morals or ethics. Although the Mongol Conquests brought much devastation, the great economic and social impacts that occurred after should not be disregarded. The Mongol Empire was the largest continuous land empire of all time. At the Empire’s height of power it encompassed an area five times the size of Alexander the Greats Greek Empire, extending from the Pacific Ocean
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Lastly, the Mongols also had campaigns in Hungary and throughout these conquests the Mongols helped rebuild and fortify major cities and introduced a new culture of religious tolerance. All in all, the Mongolian conquests in Eastern Europe were similar to the British conquests in America because while both used bloody actions to gain control, both also had positive effects as well.
In 1225, William of Rubruck had returned from his travels to Mongolia and wrote a report to the French King Louis IX detailing his attempted conversion of the Mongol peoples to Christianity. William’s travels had only been permitted because of the connections the Mongols created between their empire and the lands of Eastern Europe. William’s reports have given the most detailed and accurate descriptions of the Mongol Empire and they are used in the following. Temujin began his career with only his mother, his brothers, and a servant, barely getting by in the most desolate areas in Mongolia. Nevertheless, he was able to form an army of five men. Although, Temujin was an unusually skilled leader and through a series of incredible feats he rose to power to become Chinggis Khan. Chinggis Khan was awarded the title of universal ruler after he united all the warring tribes and clans and weaved them into a grand society by 1206. Additionally,