Genetic Engineering is NOT Ethical Essays

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Abstract: Recent developments in genomic research have enabled humans to manipulate the genes of living organisms with genetic engineering. This poses a threat to nature's carefully balanced environment, since humans are constructing organisms that nature never intended to exist. Furthermore, the United States government does not require that genetically altered foods be labeled as such. Is this ethically responsible? Should we continue with these scientific advances if we do not understand their consequences? This paper analyzes the above questions.

In a life of technological advancement, we are faced with many ethical issues regarding the natural world. Humans have become capable of scientifically manipulating genes to
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Genes from one organism are inserted in another organism, most often across natural species boundaries"1

Because scientists cross these "natural species boundaries" by genetic alteration, and because the newly formed organisms "would never occur in nature," I will argue that without sufficient testing or knowledge of repercussions, the process of genetic engineering is unethical and should be ceased.

It all began in the early 1970's, when microscopic bacteria were genetically manipulated to consume oil spills.2 This was good: humans were scientifically able to change a natural organism to correct our mistakes. By creating these new bacteria, we could rid the world's water supplies of toxic chemicals that were results of dangerous increasing industrial growth. What could be the harm? We were improving our environment, cleaning oceans, saving the planet. On the surface and even deeper, these plans seemed only positive. We could alter DNA to cure diseases and produce vaccines. However, we did not anticipate the power and impact of genetic engineering on biology, the environment, and nature.

In principle, genetic engineering appears to be a good idea. With technology improving like it is, scientists have an unbelievable capability to fix what has gone "wrong" in nature. "Wrong," in this sense, refers to ways in which nature has performed contrary to how we, as humans, would like it to. For years, humans have

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