Gender Socialization and Women in Politics Essay
Gender stereotypes are closely linked to traditional social roles and power inequalities between women and men (Eagly, 1987). Stereotypes are characteristics ascribed to individuals based on their association with a social group (Dickman & Eagly, 2000). Stereotyping has created a reality were men and women are perceived different with regard to traits associated with commitment and productivity in the workplace. Oftentimes, men are described as strong-minded, independent, and aggressive, while women are perceived as sympathetic, helpful, and kind (Heilman & Okimoto, 2003). Such expectations of behavior are dangerous as they may lead to unfair treatment in the workplace. Assumptions that women are less capable then men may result in reduced expectations of success for women and reluctance to hire, promote, or train them (Biernat & Kobrynowicz, 1997).
Descriptive stereotypes are generally shared attitudes about the different characteristics the genders have concerning one another