Gender Socialization and Women in Politics Essay

1877 Words 8 Pages
In 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights declared all acts of discrimination on the basis of sex unlawful. 31 years later, the Convention on Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) was adopted by the General Assembly. The CEDAW prompted an international document of the same name that advocates for the full incorporation of women in decision making capacities. It also “emphasis the civil rights, legal rights of women, reproductive roles and rights, impact of cultural factors on gender relations and barriers on advancement of women (World Bank, 2012). Moreover, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) outlined the most pervasive threats to global peace and security and set eight goals on how to …show more content…
Emboldened by the successful passing of the Equal Pay Act, Betty Friedman launched the National Organization for Women (NOW), which went on to lobby Congress for pro-equality laws and assist women seeking legal aid as they battled workplace discrimination in the courts (Chafe, 1994).
Literary Review
Gender stereotypes are closely linked to traditional social roles and power inequalities between women and men (Eagly, 1987). Stereotypes are characteristics ascribed to individuals based on their association with a social group (Dickman & Eagly, 2000). Stereotyping has created a reality were men and women are perceived different with regard to traits associated with commitment and productivity in the workplace. Oftentimes, men are described as strong-minded, independent, and aggressive, while women are perceived as sympathetic, helpful, and kind (Heilman & Okimoto, 2003). Such expectations of behavior are dangerous as they may lead to unfair treatment in the workplace. Assumptions that women are less capable then men may result in reduced expectations of success for women and reluctance to hire, promote, or train them (Biernat & Kobrynowicz, 1997).
Descriptive stereotypes are generally shared attitudes about the different characteristics the genders have concerning one another

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