Gender Codes and the Human Development Indicator Essay

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The HDI (Human Development Indicator) was defined by the United Nations to describe the level of development in its member states. Each state has a specific HDI depending on certain aspects in that state such as education, literacy and life expectancy. The total fertility rate of a state is not one of these aspects; however, through statistical analysis, it is believed that “fertility rate is intimately linked with a country’s economic and social development” (Yong). This inverse correlation can lead to further conclusions about gender codes, and how the idea of gender came to be. The concept of gender roles is inversely related to the human development indicator of a country or tribe, which includes the total fertility rate, and the …show more content…
No surprise, Niger’s total fertility rate is much higher than Norway’s (7.6 vs 1.9). Also, Niger’s total fertility rate has decreased since 1998 from 7.8 to 7.6, as its HDI has gone up, proving this correlation yet again. As job functions shift across time, women have had more opportunities to work outside the home and therefore affecting the fertility rates. As a country advances, the the lifestyle of this country and the jobs it offers also advance. At one point, most jobs had more “physically demanding” tasks like hunting and manual labor. Currently, a lot of jobs in our today’s society only require you to do things like work on a computer, drive a car or answer phone calls . We can see that over time the work is getting less and less physically demanding. Note that this is visible in all Arab countries. All these aspects in societal development and fertility rate come together to form gender codes. The general idea of gender codes is that society over time creates a common code that a male should follow, and a different set of codes that a female should follow. This differs from society to society. In pre-Islamic Damascus, and the rest of Arabia, these codes basically state that men are more physically capable and therefore more prepared and independent than women, who are therefore vulnerable and completely dependent on men. These gender codes have had a strong effect on Arabian society.
The first theory explaining this

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