Gender and Equality in the Workforce in the USSR Essay example

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Gender and Equality in the Workforce in the USSR

For every person, different reasons exist to go out and seek employment. These reasons, however, stem from the type of government that people are ruled by. In Russia, during the period that will be discussed, a Socialist government ruled the USSR. It was under this government, that everyone was to have a job and unemployment was to be kept at a minimum. During this socialist regime, the attitudes to working will be taken from the perspectives of three related women. The first woman, Mela Krul, was born in 1932 and is the mother of Alla Veitsman and Helen Krul Zlatkin. Alla Veitsman is the oldest sister and was born in 1954. Although her work experience under the socialist government is
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If the workers continually exceeded employers' expectations, then less work would be left for others the next day. Under socialism, this would encourage competition and unemployment would develop. There was simply no competition in the labor market in the USSR during this time period -- everyone worked the minimal amount that they could. Due to this equal amount of productivity from both men and women, equal pay truly did exist for equal work. It was hard to distinguish between a male engineer and a female engineer -- both would receive the exact same amount of pay per month. (Kyril, pages 3-4)

On the one hand, the equal pay that existed for both men and women is a good characteristic of a labor market to have. But, on the other hand, the roles that men and women had to play in their families and society were not equal, and far from being the same. As all members of society, women were encouraged to work and not stay at home. Due to the fact that women were earning the same amount as men, their time became too expensive to simply stay at home. The opportunity cost of women staying at home with their families increased, and women went out into the labor force. Through a substitution-income effect analysis, women began to substitute away from the more expensive action, staying at home, and began to work more.

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