Essay on Galileo

1234 Words 5 Pages

The 15th and 16th centuries constituted a period of radical, social, political and intellectual developments. The explorations of the world; the Reformation, with its emphasis on individual faith; the rise of commercial urban society; and the dramatic appearance of new ideas in all areas of culture stimulated the development of a new philosophical worldview. The work of Italian physicist and astronomer Galileo was of even greater importance in the development of a new world view.1

Many great thinkers as well as philosophers and mathematicians influenced the sixteenth century. One of the most infamous for the century is Galileo Galilei. Galileo brought attention to the importance of applying mathematics to the
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While teaching at the University of Pisa, Galileo tried to prove the theory of gravity and made many enemies. In 1591 he was driven out of Pisa and went on to the University of Padua to teach Math also.4 He was not well thought of at this time because his theories were highly controversial.

In 1609 Galileo went on to discover and invent the first real telescope that was efficient and useful. Developing the magnifying power great enough to reach outer space took many hours of studying and extensive research. On January 7th,, 1610 Galileo himself was able to see the four satellites of Jupiter. He also saw the Milky Way and found them to be a dense collection of stars, at this time he also saw the craters and mountains on the moon. These revelations were highly respected for the time and started a new approach to astronomy. After making these discoveries and attributions to society Galileo then decided to move to Florence and became a Philosopher. 5 While spending much time there he supported the highly contradictory theory of Kepler. Kepler’s Theory states that each planet moves in an elliptical orbit with the sun at one focus. The second law states that the line from the sun to any planet sweeps out equal time intervals. And the third law states that the squares of times of revolution (days, months, and years) of the planets are proportional to the cubes of their average distances

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