After a hard won bitter revolution, America was given the opportunity to create its own government. The Founding Fathers did not want to create another monarchy, but instead a republic, or representative government, was formed. The Constitution was organized to establish laws for government and people. The Founding Father’s political theory was antithesis to American democratic faith. The philosophy of the founding fathers is analyzed including the idea of stability in government, republicanism, and the nature of man.
The Constitution was issued by prominent figures of society such as lawyers, businessmen, merchants, or investors. Their intellectual ideas were based on Calvinistic views and from Hobbes’s theory. They believed in the
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A military dictatorship and a monarchial rule were seriously discussed in some quarters. Washington even suggested that he would become a military dictator. Unwilling to terminate the idea of republicanism, James Madison proposed that the mass of citizens need a voice in society that creates laws. The delegates concluded that the ultimate power of the government must reside in the hands of the people. People would have a place in government, but as Jeremy Belknap stated, “let it stand as a principle that government originates from the people; but let the people be taught... That they are not able to govern themselves.” (page 9)
The founding fathers thought it was impossible to change the nature of man. James Madison believed that the causes in political difference were based on the nature of man. Madison, “The Father of the Constitution” was a Calvinist who believed in a form of predestination, and the depravity of human nature. As written in the Federalist number 51, Madison states that “If men were angels, no government would be necessary… In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed, and in the next place oblige it to control itself.” (Page 10) Madison concludes that all men are imperfect, the rulers and the ruled. The major issue in creating a government is the concern for control of the