Flora Assessment: Agathis Macrophylla Essay

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Flora Assessment:
The proposed Kauri Reserve displays a species richness of over 70% of the total flora of Vanuatu. For a complete list of the observed species see Appendix A.
The Forest in the Kauri Reserve is composed of three main vegetation types: Maquis forest, Mixed lowland forest, and Agathis/Calophyllum forest. The Maquis Forest is a dry subtropical woodland on the western side of the reserve with a canopy reaching up to 6 meters in height. The mixed lowland rain forest are rather heterogeneous in composition and structure - less rich in species than the Agathis forests. They occupy the more fertile soils, and are more often modified by human activity and local agriculture. The Kauri forests are dominated by the endemic Agathis
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Because of this, the rapid assessment only covers some kauri forest, non-kauri forest, whitegrass and the rivers of Umiteer and Rarokdom. However, given the geographic limitations and time constraints a wide range of species were observed during the three day rapid assessment. For a complete list of the observed species see Appendix B.
In general the Kauri Reserve forest is still intact and in found to be in a very good health. It is one of the most biodiverse primary forests the surveyor has had the opportunity to assess in Vanuatu. During the rapid assessment several endemic species were observed as well as several invasive species. Of note, species that threaten the forest ecosystem are Sus scrofa (wild pig) and Merrimia peltata an invasive vine that was observed creeping through the top of the forest canopy. It is recommended that an eradication plan is developed and implemented immediately before it widely spreads through the reserve area.
The communities surrounding the reserve are governed by the THARU Nuporop council. This council oversees development matters of the Thamsal, Happy Land, Rumpungo and Unofcoi villages. During the
Top left: Red-bellied Fruit Dove, Ptilinopus greyii. © Llyod Davis Top Right: Erromango Flower © Sam Chanel Bottom left: Pongkil Vilage © Daniel Ringiau Bottom right: Man climbing Kauri tree © Donna Kalfatak assessment period it was discovered that the majority of the

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