Essay on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

2586 Words 11 Pages
Alcohol (wine, beer, or liquor) is the leading known preventable cause of developmental and physical birth defects in the United States. When a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, she risks giving birth to a child who will pay the price, in mental and physical deficiencies, for his or her entire life. One study (Phyllis Trujillo Lewis, MA, Philip A. May, PhD, and Virginia C. Shipman, PhD, 2007) asserted that “Numerous studies on alcohol-related birth defects have concluded that maternal drinking, compounded by other risk factors, leads to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). FAS is a serious birth defect and the most common non-genetic cause of mental retardation” as said by (Hankin, 2002; Abel & Sokol,1986; O’Connor, Kogan, & Findlay, 2002; …show more content…
Medical intervention is used when there is a medical misdiagnosis given; usually ADHD. Through Kjellmer’s and Olswang’s observation of FASD children it was detected that “these students socially engage less and were more passive and irrelevant in their performance during classroom activities. The collected data supports the belief that classroom demands are likely to prove challenging for children with complex neuropsychological deficits, such as those characterized by children with FASD.” (Kjellmer & Olwang, 2007). Behavioral interventions and developmental frameworks focus on treating the interference FASD has on normal development of a child. KJellmar & Olswang declare that a growing body of evidence suggests that many children with FASD exhibit deficits in the neuropsychological areas of attention, executive function, and self-regulation (for reviews, see, e.g., Kodituwakku, Kalberg, & May, 2001;Mattson & Riley, 1998; Rasmussen, 2005). Such deficits include elevated levels of inattentive, impulsive, and hyperactive behavior (e.g., Astley, 2010; Mattson & Riley, 2000), and deficits in areas of cognitive flexibility, planning and strategy use, sustaining and shifting attention, and response inhibition (e.g., Carmichael Olson, Feldman, Streissguth, Sampson, & Bookstein, 1998; Mattson, Goodman, Caine,Delis, & Riley, 1999; Mattson et al., 2010). These developmental

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