Essay about Female Household Headship and Their Use of Resources

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Prior Studies on Female Headship and Its Impact on Child Welfare
One of the opportunities through which economies can achieve long-run economic growth is through investment in human capital. Human capital, as easy as we can define it, corresponds to any stock of knowledge or characteristics a person has (either innate or acquired) that contributes to his or her ‘productivity’. As Doyle (2011) noted, governments and non-government organizations (NGOs) alike are well-aware of this, and many attempt to subsidize human capital investment by supplying welfare (health and education) services at little or no cost to individuals. However, Doyle added, “the level of human capital investment remains dependent on an individual’s demand for these
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Lower health expenditures are partially offset by the differential use of other health inputs in FHHs. These differences in resource allocation may explain why poorer FHHs do not necessarily have lower children's outcomes in developing countries.
Furthermore, the labor force participation data of Jamaica, as investigated by Louat, Grosh and van der Gaag in 1993 indicated that female heads are more likely to work in the marketplace than women with similar characteristics who are the spouses of male heads of households. Evidence from Jamaica also showed that the sex and union status of the household head can have a significant influence on household expenditure behavior with implications for individual household members.
In a study done in Latin America (Arias & Palloni, 1996) examining the impact of female headship on children's education, while forty percent of the observations reported a positive effect-- that children's education is more likely to receive priority in female-headed households than in male-headed households, sixty percent reported a negative effect. Arias & Palloni indicated that because of the lack of additional adult labor and because of low income levels in households headed by women, children are often forced to drop out of school to assist in housework and child care. This evidence, as Arias & Palloni

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