Exegesis of Matthew Essay

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Exegesis of the Gospel according to Matthew Chapter 5:3-12
The Eight Beatitudes

     In Matthew’s Gospel, starting with Chapter five verses three through twelve, Jesus tells us of the Eight Beatitudes. These verses are much like The Ten Commandments in nature, but more philosophical:
·     “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the Kingdom of Heaven.”
·     “Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.”
·     “Blessed are the meek, for they shall inherit the Earth.”
·     “Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied.”
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     This passage is part of the passage known as the Sermon on the Mount because Jesus gave it on a hill near Capernaum. This sermon, most likely, covered more than one day of preaching. Matthew, Chapter Five, is filled with sermon after sermon, and teaching after teaching where Jesus tells of his attitude toward the law, and explains how social rank and money are not important in his kingdom. People came from miles around to hear him speak. Accompanying him, were his Disciples whom he warned of all the fame and fortune they might receive through traveling with him. Jesus also warned his Disciples of using God’s message to promote personal gain. Matthew, along with the other gospels, is a written record of Jesus Christ and his teachings. The beatitudes are just a sample of the many teachings that this book has to offer.
     The text itself written by Matthew, one of Jesus’ disciples, does coincide with the beatitudes written by another of Jesus’ disciples; Luke. Only Luke writes the beatitudes a little differently than Matthew. One example of the differences is in the first beatitude where Matthew writes, “Blessed are the poor in spirit…” where as Luke recorded Jesus as saying only, “Blessed are the poor…” By annexing “in spirit” Luke suggests that only the monetarily poor belong in God’s kingdom, where Matthew seems to state that material status or social poverty alone are not the standards for faith.

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