Examining for Aphasia Essay
Examining For Aphasia was created in 1954 by John Eisenson in New York (Eisenson, 1954). It was one of the first tests for assessing language impairment (Benson & Ardila, 1996) and provides a guided approach for evaluating language disturbances and other disturbances closely related to language function (Eisenson, 1954). The test was originally developed for use with a group of patients in an army hospital who had aphasia and other related disturbances. Over time, the original inventory was refined and improved until testing has ‘shown the applicability of various parts of the test as well as of the examination as a whole’ (Eisenson, 1954, p. 32) and gave rise to the commercial version.
The purpose of Examining for …show more content…
Test administration is exceedingly flexible; the examiner can choose between administering either the receptive or the expressive portion first (Browndyke, 2002), and can elect to administer all the lower-level tests before the higher-level tests (Eisenson, 1954). For many items only general directions are provided, and indeed, the examiner is able to make any modifications as they see fit, but needs to make notes of these for future clinicians. To this end, the examinee is allowed to answer questions as they are able – by speaking or pointing. The examiner can also read passages aloud, or permit the examinee to read as required. Eisensen (1954) states that the examiner ‘will need to be ingenious in his attempts to reach the patient’ and that ‘the examiner will need to use the best approach he can devise for the particular patient he is testing….it is also obvious that these tests require a person who knows the problem of aphasia well.’
Administration time is predicted to be ‘as little as one half hour for a patient with relatively little disturbance or as much as two hours or more for a patient with considerable disturbance’. No time limit is set, and as the examination may be administered at one or more sittings, Eisenson (1954) suggests that the examination be halted if the patient becomes