At first, I wanted to write about the role of women in post-colonial Argentina. This topic, as could be expected, is far too broad to even begin addressing in fifteen or so pages. But it is an incredibly important and fascinating topic, and so I instead decided to focus on two women in particular who have shaped Argentina’s history: Eva and Christina Fernández de Kirchner. This is, in a sense, a way of comparing the role of women then and now in two different societies.
Knowing the circumstances of Eva Perón’s birth and youth, it seems inconceivable that she would become the unstoppable political firebrand whose memory evokes wails even today. Her father, Juan Duarte, worked as a ranch manager for a wealthy family. He received a
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Such actresses were rarely from “good families,” and often were taken care of financially by a boyfriend or a sugar daddy—or several. To be blunt, the reputation of actresses in Buenos Aires was one of loose morals, poverty and instability. Though not promiscuous per se, Eva did reportedly have a string of paramours, most in the entertainment industry. She began playing bit parts—a maid, or perhaps a schoolgirl with one line. She also performed in traveling theater troupes. These were unreliable gigs, often going bankrupt and disbanding without warning. But Eva was not one to give up easily. By 1939, she had learned the ropes of the business and become quite successful. After building her repertoire in theater, she went on to star in radio shows and advertisements. With the help of her scriptwriter boyfriend, Eva even formed her own radio-theatrical company. It merged with a series of increasingly important radio companies before finally moving to the most high-profile station in Argentina: Radio El Mundo. With that, by age 21, she was one of the highest-paid actresses in radio. Evita Duarte was becoming famous; meanwhile, her country was caught in the “Infamous Decade.” (Fraser and Navarro, 1-20)
The period between 1930 and 1943 in Argentina was marred by electoral fraud and political friction. According to Alston and Gallo, “The