Essay Evaluation of Deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon

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15 million hectares of forest are illegally logged in Indonesia for last 6 years (Lang, 2011), 1965 fires were observed in 2010 compared with 1827 fires in 2009 in Madagascar, where 70% of biodiversity do not exist nowhere else (Butler, 2011), 49% or 12.5 million hectares of forest lost in island Sumatra in Indonesia since 1985 and 80% of deforested area comes to lowland areas, where the most biodiversity exist (Uryu et al. 2010, 5), even cocaine cultivation in Columbia causes deforestation, which led to cutting down of 68000 hectares in 2010 (Davalos et al. 2011, 1219). These threatening numbers demonstrate that this issue is quite serious as somebody might not see. Moreover, deforestation rate in Brazilian Amazon, which is the largest rainforest in the world covering 8,235,430 sq km and where particularly about 27% of mammals, 34% of plants, 37% of reptiles, 43% of birds and 47% of amphibians live, is still the highest in the world. Virtually one of eight of total deforestation world-wide belongs to Amazon (de la Torre, Fajnzylber, Nash 2009, 10). In addition, the satellite data of 2006-2007 demonstrates that over 90% of forest is cleared illegally. It is essential to prevent deforestation, because it is estimate that Amazon stores about 80-120
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