International organizations are instruments of international action and have the competences, systems, and numbers that lend legitimacy for them to take up action. The development of the European security and defense policy (ESDP) as an advancement for the European Union (EU), evolved into the Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP), and acts as an agent for a common European defense structures and cooperation between the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the EU. The common defense policy was put into action through the signing of the ‘Berlin Plus Agreement’ in 2003. This protocol allows the EU to use NATO structures and assets to carry out military operations, if NATO is not partaking. An EU planning cell in now in full
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From the end of World War II to 1999 both organizations followed the strategies of their original purposes but beyond 1999 there has been a shift for the organizations to take on roles outside of their original purpose. The misconception that the core goals, structure, and capabilities of NATO and the EU are too different to work together to continue the centrality of Europe and form a collective security agreement is false. Each organization followed completely separate paths through their history, however both have expressed military and civil building functions, NATO excelling in the former and the EU the latter. These two parallel strategies are necessary for establishing twenty first century peace. Homogenous experiences and differing capabilities sets the foundation for the two to work together and gain new competencies and perpetuate European content stability.
NATO and the EU, had their origins in a western mission to maintain continental European security post-World War II. “NATO’s original purpose was to provide collective defense through a mutual security guarantee for the united states and its European allies to counter balance potential threats from the Soviet Union.”2 NATO is known as a defense alliance and is seen as a military ‘hard’ power, driven by the voice of the United States. The EU