China is everywhere; it seems that vast amount of products have the label "made in China". Immersed in the overwhelming trend of globalization, China has already become the "world factory". Clothes are stitched in China, toys are made in China and electronic equipments are assembled in China. The world factory is manufacturing in a high speed to provide commodities worldwide with cheaper labor. China's rapid economic development over the past thirty years has become one of the economic wonders of the modern world (Guo & Zhang, 2010). Behind the prosperous economic development, however, is the contribution of the migrant workers.
Outsiders often view China as a rather homogenous country, but in fact the Chinese population is
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Before 1978, China was one of the most equal societies in the world (Zang, 2013) due to the macro regulatory of the government. This means the living standard and condition for all provinces and district were almost the same at that time. There is little inequality in the country, even if there were; the gap between these inequalities is too slight to argue. Entering into the global economic trend, however, the manipulation of the central government in the economic field has diminished, leading to the free competition of different areas and districts in the free market. In spite of the policy advantage towards the minority ethnic groups, they are still in disadvantage in the market competition due to the geographical locations and historical lag out. It is not only the market becomes free in the times of globalization; the migration of people follows the same trend. It is not surprising to acknowledge the magnificent immigration flow worldwide. At the same time, the inter-nation migration flow is also increasing. According to Guo & Zhang (2010), globalization has contributed to the widening gap between the northern and southern countries internationally; within China it has exacerbated the gap between China's east coast and western regions. Under this trend, it is understandable why so many migrant workers, especially rural-to-urban migration (Zhu and Blachford, 2012) and ethnic